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IRAQ: History textbooks

A revolution is an excellent time to observe textbook changes. See "Educators edit lessons of Hussein from textbooks. Group of 37 teachers spends summer erasing ubiquitous references to dictator" (San Francisco Chronicle, 8/15/03). The revisionist idea came from the US Agency for International Development (USAID), the main conduit for US financial aid to Iraq's reconstruction. The project has received $107 million from USAID and the UN oil-for-food program. History books are the ones most heavily revised, eliminating Baath Party ideology. East European countries undertook a similar effort after the Soviet Union's implosion.

Ronald Hilton - 08.02.03