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MEXICO: Presidential Elections. Mexicans Abroad.
Jorge Loyo-rosales points out that the figures given in this posting were not actual votes, but the result of polling in 70 countries by the newspaper Reforma. See http://reforma.com/encuestas/articulo/017984
This is significant, since one explanation for the surprising Fox victory is that in Mexico most of those who said they were undecided later voted for Fox.
Juan Pablo Senosiain calls attention to the years of schooling of those polled: none 1; primary 11; middle school 69; secondary 11; university 549; graduate 413 (the Mexican terms do not coincide exactly with the American ones). The figures show that the Mexicans polled had above average education. It seems clear that, while poorly schooled people like Linda Nyquist's friend voted for PRI, those with more education voted for Fox.
John Wonder is rightly concerned about the trend toward double nationality, which is illegal in the United States, although the law is being twisted. It should be pointed out, however, that the Mexicans who voted were Mexican citizens. Those who had become American citizens could not vote, although many wanted to.
For this reason, I do not understand this message from Ana María León of Pan: "PAN and PRD Congressmen tried to legislate in order to allow Mexican citizens living abroad to vote in these elections, but unfortunately, PRI legislators opposed to this initiative. Vicente Fox has insisted, though, that he will govern for 118 million Mexicans: a hundred million living in Mexico, and 18 million living abroad." Mexican citizens living abroad did vote. TV newscasts ran many stories about their going to Mexico to vote. I suppose Ana María León meant Mexicans who had become American citizens and therefore from the US viewpoint had ceased to be Mexican citizens. Presumably the word got around their American citizenship might be revoked. The Mexican law has been changed so that those naturalized abroad may still retain their Mexican citizenship. Since I expect this statement will evince many objections, let me say that this situation is confused and contradictory, as is evident from the specialists who have written to me.
Ronald Hilton - 7/14/00