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MEXICO and CENTRAL AMERICA
Tim Brown says:
"Central American Independence Day is September 15, not 16. It is separate from that of Mexico because at independence from Spain, Central America was not being governed from Mexico. Mexico would like this to be true, but it isn't. As to claims by Mexico that it has not and does not meddle in the internal affairs of its Central American neighbors, this to is a myth assiduously cultivated by the Mexicans. In fact Mexico has done so regularly and often, and continues to do so. It's just that until now they have not had to suffer the critical hostility of a vociferous popular democracy, so they have been better able than the US to cover their tracks."
My comment: Tim is correct on the date, but it was essentially the same event. A previous posting gave the exact text of what Hidalgo said; It was not really a declaration of independence. I would like to know exactly what the Guatemalan declaration said. From 1524 to 1821, Guatemala City was the capital of the Captaincy General of Guatemala, which was loosely subordinate to the viceroyalty in Mexico. Its jurisdiction extended from Yucatan to Panama. After independence, it was part of the Mexican Empire until 1823, when it broke off and became the United Provinces of Central America, which broke up in 1838. In every sense, Central America has an intimate relationship with Mexico, even though financially and militarily the US is much stronger. Mexico's interference in Central America cannot be compared with that of the US, although whether US invention is a good or bad thing is an open question.
Ronald Hilton - 9/15/00