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RUSSIA: Jews and Communism
Alberto Gutierrez explains his position:
"According to KGB:The Inside Story by Andrew and Gordievsky "State sponsored anti-semitism (under the Tsar) helps to explain why Marxism spread more rapidly among Jews than among any other ethnic group in the Russian Empire.The first Marxist party with a mass following was the Jewish Bund...Jews were prominent also among the founders of both the Russian Social Democratic Worker's Party, the main Marxist grouping in 1898, and the Socialist Revolutionary Party... The growing Jewish presence in the revolutionary leadership further fueled the Okhrana anti-semitism"
From other sources:In the 1880"s the Russian revolutionary Plekhanov founded in Switzerland the Marxist Group for the Emancipation of Labor, with the help of Jews Vera Zasulich, Leo Dutch and P.Axerold. In 1890 Lenin joined that group and the publication Iskra. Lenin's Jewish wife Krupskaya was the secretary of that publication. In 1903 various Russian Marxist groups convened in Brussels seeking a unification.Instead they were divided in two camps: Bolsheviks under Lenin and Mensheviks under the Jew Martov. From 1901 until 1906, the Jewish dominated Socialist Revolutionary Party was responsible for the assassination of no less than six ranking officials of the Imperial government ,including Grand Duke Sergei, an uncle of the Tsar.The mastermind of these activities was Gershuni, a Jew who headed the "terror section" of the party. Yevno Azev, another Jew and founder of the same party,was in charge of the "fighting section".
The massacre of Bloody Sunday at St Petersburg-the peaceful demonstration --led by Father Gapon and brutally dissolved by the soldiers--was the beginning of the 1905 revolution against the Tsar. For the first time large numbers of the working class joined the Jewish Marxists. Jew agitators capitalized on the massacre, and Trotsky became the leader of the revolt, but it failed and he was arrested. Another Jew, Parvus, assumed control and organized a general strike. In 1907 some of the aforementioned dominated the fifth Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Party in London. Stalin and Jews Zinoniev, Kamenev, Abramovich, Gurvich, Lieber and Rose Luxemburg were also present. Finklestein, a Jew later known as Commissar Maxim Litvinov under Stalin,ended the year behind bars for his link to a Bolshevik bank robbery in Tiflis and a resulting explosion that killed 30 people.
In 1911 lawyer Mordecai Bogrov shot down Stolypin,the best premier Russia ever had. It was no secret that Russian Jewry wanted revolution not reforms, but the events of February 1917 were mainly a result of the misery brought by war.In July of that year Kerensky, a socialist Jew, became head of the provisional government. Jews Radek and Trostky came from exile to agitate for the Bolsheviks.The New York Journal-American stated (2/3/49);"It is estimated even by the grandson of Jacob Schiff (head of Kuhn,Loeb and Co), John Schiff , himself a prominent New Yorker, that the old man sank about $20'000,000 for the triumph of Bolshevism in Russia" After the counterrevolution prevailed in October, Lenin became premier,Trotsky at the height of his power was Commissar of War, Kamenev and Sverdlov were presidents of the "Soviet Republic", and the Commissary for the Constituent Assembly was headed by Uritzky, another Jew.
I wonder how any serious discussion of communism and Marxism can ignore the fact that those founders of Russian communism were Jewish, regardless of religious persuasion.At first they exerted great influence, and Stalin didn't eliminate them overnight. I consider the events of October 1917 a counterrevolution following the Webster's definition:A revolution directed toward overthrowing a government or social system established by a previous revolution. Once again I will admit my mistake if there is something wrong with my data".
Alberto rightly says that anti-semitism under the Czars explains why Marxism spread rapidly among Russian Jews. We must therefore go back to the period of pogroms. How do traditionalist Russians justify the pogroms, which were sometimes led by priests? I imagine that this topic is just as thorny for them as the role of Jews in communism is for Jews, or the Inquisition for Spanish Catholics. In every country there are some sensitive topics which it is almost impossible to discuss reasonably.
Ronald Hilton - 10.26.03