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SPAIN: Nobility - The Duque de Alba. The Red Duchess. CAUGHT!

Corol Bevier has given us her file on the Countess Aline de Romanones:

"New York City,Madrid, Spain. Countess de Romanones is one of the most active and influential women in Europe and the USA. Born Aline Griffith in upstate New York, she served as an O.S.S. Intelligence during World War II, married a Spanish nobleman and became an international celebrity. She was one of the very few officially trained women agents operating in Europe during the war. She is a businesswoman, historian, political activist, world traveler and best-selling author of the book The Spy Wore Red and several others. Her books have been published in England, America and Spain. She has written numerous articles on 16th century Spanish history in Spain and South America, for which she has received the decorations of Isabella Catolica and theAcademy of History of Venezuela.

As part of her restoration efforts for one of her husband’s family palacios, she became an expert in paleography involving 12th and 17th century script. Aline de Romanones travels extensively throughout the world, often as the guest of world leaders and has served as informal advisor to a number of governmental agencies."

My comment: Here we go again: more noble lines. The Conde de Romanones was Ministere of Foreign Affairs of Alfonso XIII when I arrive in Spain in early 1931. It was municipal elections that persuaded Spaniards that the monarchy was done. As Stanley Payne tells in Spain's First Democracy, "Gobernment leaders were shocked by the outcome, and the Conde de Romanones, the most influential figure in the cabinet, made a statement to the press before the evening was over that admitted absolute monarchist defeat". Alfonso simply gave up and left the country. The Republicans forgot to get his to sign a statement of abdication. I remember clearly a picture on the front page of the monarchist ABC showing a dejected Conde de Romanones sitting on the railroad platform of El Escorial. He went to live in Paris, and I have no information about him after that. Presumably Alice married his son. Could someone check The Spy Wore Red and elucidate this pomt? Un millón de gracias.

Ronald Hilton - 5/22/01