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SPAIN: The Abraham Lincoln Brigade

Robert Whealey brings in dates to clarify the sharp disagreement about the Abraham Lincoln Brigade in the Spanish Civil War and the Jewish refugee problem:

  1. 1936-1939 most American Jews were anti-fascist, anti-Franco, and for the Abraham Lincoln Brigade.
  2. Franco and his regime were pro-Hitler and thought that the Nazis would win the European War 1939 to November 1942.
  3. A few European Jews caught in Paris in July 1940 managed to get to Spain, if they had money.
  4. Franco personally remained an anti-Semite, but some of his officials would accept a few Jews into Spain, if they went on to Portugal and the U.S. in 1940 to December 1941.
  5. From 1946 to 1958, the House Un-American Committee people with their ignorance of history put the Abraham Lincoln Brigade on the Attorney General's list, because, indeed, it was in the 1930s dominated by the Comintern.
  6. American anti-communist ideologues of the period 1946 to 1991 did not realize that politicians like Hitler, Mussolini, Franco, Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin made and broke alliances for reasons of state. Politicians and religion/ideology mix in strange ways.

Ronald Hilton - 4/8/02