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SPAIN: Franco, Hitler, and the attempted coup of 1981
Carmen Negrín says "I was quite interested and amused by the vivid reactions to my remark about some "theories (supporting that the) that the King himself was behind the golpe", (just like the theories supporting that Bush planned 9/11). The fact is that both, the King and Bush, consolidated their power after the tragic events, that perhaps could have been a motive. This would imply a great deal of cynicism of course! I am not supporting either theory. However, many questions do remain unanswered:
In the case of 9/11, these theories, besides showing a great distrust in Bush, mainly questioned the efficiency of the CIA and of the US Defence Department. There was quite a lapse of time between the Twin Towers and Washington. In the case of Spain: why were the sentences of the golpistas shortened? Christopher. Jones mentioned in another email people hiding to tell him how much they loved Franco, I really don't see why they had to hide! There are still people who say so in the open... I could also tell stories about people in the 60's saying exactly the opposite, and about those regretting the lack of security after Franco died!
The "dictablanda" (soft dictatorship) was so blanda (soft) that in '74 the anarchist Puig Antich was sentenced to death with the garrote and the following year, five Basques followed the same steps. Carrero Blanco, who was certainly not "blando", was supposed to take over, with the approval ofJuan Carlos! Although he didn't turn out as bad as expected, Juan Carlos did swear fidelity to Franco's ideals. The fact that Spain opened its doors to commerce didn't make it much more democratic nor softer politically! Obviously, for a foreigner, it was comfortable to live in Spain in those years: a hospitable, cheap country, great if you don't scratch the surface and wonder why it's poor) and what happened to those who disagreed.
I'm not surprised that Christopher Jones liked Moa's book! What I don't understand is why, with his logic, he doesn't like Fidel! He will also find an orderly, cheap, sunny, hospitable country, with people who say that they like Fidel (and also some who say they don't), a better level of education than in Spain in the 60's and 70's (read Andrés Sopeña's book on the Spanish national educational system El Florido pencil). In Cuba, many taxi drivers have university degrees, it can be quite interesting to talk to them; a drink at the Bodegita is just as tasty as in Hemingway's time, and the lobsters are great (I don't smoke cigars!)! "
RH:Spain under Franco and Spain under Juan Carlos are utterly different, just as are Spain under Franco and Cuba under Castro. I will not waste any sympathy on ETA.
Ronald Hilton - 7/29/03