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US international manhunts throughout history

Bienvenido Macario calls pur attention to a long article, "Ferreting Out the Elusive Enemy" by Ken Ringle. It opens "Were there ever other international manhunts such as the United States is currently staging for Osama bin Laden? Well, yes. As a matter of fact, at least three come to mind -- all roughly a century ago as America was flexing its newfound muscles on the world stage. All bear curious parallels to the present search.

We sent the Navy after Sherif Ahmed er Raisuli, a Moroccan known as the last of the Barbary pirates, and leaned on his host country to force him to free American hostages. We sent Marines after Philippine rebel Emilio Aguinaldo, and tricked him into captivity after breaking his codes. And we sent the Army into Mexico after border raider Pancho Villa. We never caught him, despite an 11-month search incorporating both the last use of mounted cavalry and the first use of air power and tanks in a U.S. military campaign.

All three were denounced as terrorists at the time, though historians since have viewed their actions in a far more ambiguous light." The stories of these men are fascinating. Will Osama bin Laden become a folk hero for future generations? You can read the stories by going to

Ronald Hilton - 1/18/02