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Smedley Butler and Herbert Hoover. Fact or fiction?

Eaśl Escalante calls our attention to for the complete text of Smedley Butler's very forceful denunciation of war. Is is preceded by this biography of him:

Smedley Darlington Butler: Major General - United States Marine Corps
Born West Chester, Pa., 1881. Educated Haverford School. Married Ethel C. Peters, of Philadelphia, 1905. Awarded two congressional medals of honor, for capture of Vera Cruz, Mexico, 1914, and for capture of Ft. Riviere, Haiti, 1917. Distinguished service medal, 1919. Retired 1931. On leave of absence to act as director of Department of Safety, Philadelphia, 1932 Lecturer - 1930. Republican Candidate for Senate, 1932. Died at Naval Hospital, Philadelphia, 1940.

Conversions like that of St. Paul area fascinating subject. Communists who become vehement ant.Communists are common; there were several at Hoover, including Bert and Ella Wolfe. Present-day peace groups include numerous armed forces leaders. What brings the change? Education? Marriage? Disillusionment? Frustrated ambition? William Penn (1644-1712), who founded Pennsylvania, is a case study for psychohistory, in which I am a firm believer. Actually, he named the state in honor of his father, Admiral Sir William Penn, but he rebelled against the military tradition and joined the pacifist Quakers. Haverford is the oldest Quaker college in the US, and its library has an important Quaker collection. It shares facilities and faculty with two nearby Quaker colleges, Bryn Mawr and Haverford. The trio form an important higher education cluster. I suppose Smedley Butler's parents were Quakers. When he became a Marine, was he revolting against his father, reversing the change of William Penn?.. Why did he become a pacifist? Was he influenced by his education? His wife, presumably also a Quaker? His political ambition in a state with many Quakers and pacifists? It did not do him much good. He was defeated. A fascinating case study. The World Catalog lists 20 books about him with some startling titles. there does not seem to be a full-length study of him. There should be. His papers are in the Catholic University of America library!

Ronald Hilton - 2/13/02