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The American Civil War



I said: "The Union armies remained in control of the South until about 1890". Hank Greely comments: "The last vestiges of Reconstruction - and federal military control - vanished in 1877 after the "compromise" that gave Republican Hayes the Presidential election over Democrat Tilden thanks to the dubious awarding to Hayes of the electoral votes of three southern states, including Florida. The southern Democrats accepted Hayes only in return for the withdrawal of federal troops from those southern states where they remained (and where they had often provided support for Republican governments with questionable popular support.) I believe that military government ended sooner, with all of the former Confederate states functioning under state governments, which, although of uncertain legitimacy, were recognized by the federal governments. Six states were re admitted as early as 1868, although one of them, Georgia, had its re admission revoked and military rule reimposed for a few years after it expelled all black members of its state legislature. All of the southern states were represented in Congress by early 1871, less than 6 years after the end of the war. It is interesting to note that substantial numbers of US troops are currently stationed in Germany and Japan, nearly 58 years after their defeats, and in South Korea, nearly 50 years after the armistice in that country. Local government control was reestablished in the first two in less than 10 years after their defeat"

RH. Hank is right. I should have said "Union officials". What would you call the carpetbaggers, who played an important role in state government? Is Hank comparing the occupation of the defeated South with that of the defeated Germany and Japan?

Ronald Hilton - 2/17/03


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