BRAZIL: Percival Farquhar
Guide to the Percival Farquhar Papers
(Manuscript Group 205)
Manuscripts and Archives Staff
Yale University Library, Manuscripts and Archives,
Copyright © Yale University Library, New Haven, Connecticut, December 1999
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Farquhar, Percival, 1864-1953.
Percival Farquhar papers
7.50 linear ft.
Gift of Charles Gauld, 1962, 1965-1967.
Copyright has not been transferred to Yale University.
The papers are in English and Spanish.
Percival Farquhar Papers. Manuscripts and Archives, Yale University Library.
The papers consist of the business files and correspondence of Percival Farquhar. They document his role in the economic development of Brazil, in particular the Itabira Iron Ore Company. Correspondents include mining engineer Alexander Malozemoff, businessmen J. F. Trippet and Alexander MacKenzie, and aide J. Armstrong Read. Also included in the papers are the research materials used by Charles Gauld, Farquhar's biographer, in the writing of The Last Titan: Percival Farquhar, American Entrepreneur in Latin America.
Percival Farquhar was born in York, Pennsylvania on October 19, 1864. He graduated from Yale College in 1884 and joined his father's New York based export company, which shipped machinery to Latin America. In 1885, Farquhar studied law briefly at Columbia Law School. After serving as an assemblyman in the New York state legislature from 1890 to 1892, he joined a friend's company developing electric railroads and real estate in New Jersey. In 1898, Farquhar began a long career of financial operations in Latin America to modernize tramways. From 1907 to 1914, he directed his attention and resources to the improvement of the ports and railroads of Brazil, in particular, the Madeira-Mamoré Railway and the Port of Para. He also established the Brazil Railway Company. From 1919 to 1941, Farquhar managed the Itabira project, designed to revive the Itabira Iron Ore Company and to build a railway to a new port near Vitória. Thwarted by nationalistic opposition and financial losses, the Itabira project did not succeed in his lifetime. Farquhar died in New York City on August 4, 1953.
Guide to the Percival Farquhar Papers (Manuscript Group 205)
For further information:
Manuscripts and Archives
Yale University Library
P.O. Box 208240
New Haven, CT 06520-8240
Tel. (203) 432-1744
Fax. (203) 432-7441
The papers consist primarily of business records from various companies with which Percival Farquhar was involved. The files attest to Farquhar's entrepreneurial ambitions in Brazil and those for the Itabira Iron Ore Company/Itabira Railway are particularly voluminous. The business papers are arranged alphabetically by company name and may contain correspondence; memoranda; reports; surveys; legal and financial documents; and related items. Farquhar's original arrangement of papers has been maintained. Correspondence with family members, listed alphabetically, is both personal and professional in nature, as Farquhar's family participated in his business ventures. There is also a small amount of memorabilia and photographs. Papers relating to Charles Gauld contain interviews, correspondence, research notes, and drafts compiled for the biography of Farquhar. Unpublished biographical material by Vivaldo Coaracy is also included in the papers.
Contents Box Folder
Autobiography ["Notas Autobiográficas"] 1936 1 1
General [primarily negotiations with lenders to raise capital] 1928-1943 1 2-5
Brazil Railway Company 1901-1946, 1956 1 6-14
Brazil Railway Company 1932-1943 2 15-22
Brazilian Iron Ore Company 1940 2 23
International Products Corporation 1931-1942 2 24-28
Itabira Iron Ore Company/Itabira Railway
1919-1930 Apr 3 29-41
1930 May-1940 Apr 4 42-57
1940 May-1944 Sep 5 58-71
1919-1945 6 72-85
1920-1942 7 86-97
1920-1943 8 98-111
1920-1946, 1954, 1963 9 112-124
1919-1953, n.d. 10 125-136
1922-1947 11 137-150
1911, 1920-1953 12 151-163
1921-1954, 1963 13 164-179
1927-1953 14 180-198
1933-1943, 1954, 1963 15 199-205
1938 15 206
Madeira-Mamoré Railway 1937-1951 15 207
Port of Para 1906-1943 15 208-211
Rio de Janeiro Tramway Light and Power Company 1935-1954 15 212
General, 1893 1929-1953 16 213-215
Coaracy, Vivaldo [includes partial draft of unfinished biography of Farquhar] 1943, n.d. 16 216
Farquhar, Cathya [wife] 1942-1943 16 217
Farquhar, Donald [son] 1939-1953 16 218-221
Farquhar, Francis [brother] 1932-1944, 1951, n.d. 16 222
Farquhar, George [son] 1930-1939 16 223-236
Farquhar, George [son] 1940-1951 17 237-241
Farquhar, Gordon [son] 1942-1948 17 242
Gomes, Olivo 1942-1951 17 243-244
Memorabilia 1920, 1929, 1940-1945 17 245
Photographs/negatives [includes Farquhar, Itabira] 1913, 1929-[194?], 1950, n.d. 17 246-247
Gauld, Charles [correspondence, writings, and research materials, pertaining to the biography of Percival Farquhar] 1915-1967 18 248-267