US: Philadelphia: John Newton and "Amazing grace"

The posting about John Newton, author of "Amasing Grace" gave the text of a marble plaque at St. Mary Woolnoth :

Once an infidel and libertine
A servant of slaves in Africa,
as, by the rich mercy of our Lord and Saviour
restored, pardoned, and appointed to preach
the Gospel which he had long laboured to destroy.  
He ministered,
Near sixteen years in Olney, in Bucks,
And twenty-eight years in this Church.

Ed Jajko comments: This epitaph contains a couple of words that interest this native of Philadelphia, a city that has many neighborhoods named after places in London and elsewhere in the U.K., among them Mayfair, Kensington (where I lived as a boy), and Olney (pronounced Ahl-nee in Philly).  The other word is Bucks, the abbreviation for Buckinghamshire.  I have yet to find any publication that can explain to me why the abbreviations for two shires, Bucks and Berks, became the official names of two counties in Pennsylvania that border on Philadelphia. My search continues.  

RH: Search and Ye shall find.

Ronald Hilton 2004


last updated: February 2, 2005