Ancient Egypt: Hateshepsut and Thutmose II

Max Navarro charges that I have insulted Tutmosis III of ancient Egypt, for which I meekly apologize lest I fall victim of the curse of the Pharaohs. Max says: Sorry, small detail: the pharaoh was Tutmosis III, and Hatshepsut was his aunt and step-mother. Tutmosis III was everything but indolent: he is called  "the conqueror". Canaan for instance was one of the territories invaded by him.  Please see:

[...]She was the daughter of Thutmose I and Queen Ahmose. Hatshepsut was favored by the Temple of Karnak over her two brothers who did not live into adulthood. She apparently also had a loving relationship with her parents and assumed the prestigious title of god's wife of Amun before either parent died. After the death of her father in 1492 BC she married her half-brother Thutmose II and assumed the title of Great Royal Wife. Thutmose II ruled for only a few years, during which it is believed Hatshepsut exerted tremendous influence. Thutmose II had only two daughters with Hatshepsut, Nefrure and Meritre, but managed to father a male heir, Thutmose III, by a lesser wife named Isis before his death.

As Thutmose III's aunt and stepmother, Hatshepsut was selected to be regent until the boy king came of age. At first it seemed that Hatshepsut was patterning herself after the powerful female regents of Egypt's then recent history, but it soon became apparent that she had only one model in mind, Sobekneferu, the last monarch of the Twelfth dynasty, who ruled in her own right. She took one step further than Sobekneferu and had herself crowned Pharaoh about 1473 BC and took the throne name Maatkare.[...]

[...] After her death, many of her monuments were defaced or destroyed. Replacing the names on older monuments with one's own was a common practice of Egyptian Pharaohs, but in some cases it was an act of damnatio memoriae -- condemning a person by erasing him or her from recorded existence. The traditional belief among historians is that Thutmose III was responsible; however, researchers such as Charles Nims and Peter Dorman have examined these erasures and found that those which can be dated were done after year 42 of Thutmose's reign. As with many details about Hatshepsut, historians have opposing views on who defaced her monuments. There is also much debate about Thutmose's motivation for removing her name from her the monuments: reasons include resentment for being denied the throne for so long, and/or the belief that a female Pharaoh was against Maàt. Egyptologist Donald B. Redford suggests a more sympathetic -- and complex -- motivation, Thutmose's own need to demonstrate his legitimacy; Redford notes that "here and there, in the dark recesses of a shrine or tomb where no plebeian eye could see, the queen's cartouche and figure were left intact ... which never vulgar eye would again behold, still conveyed for the king the warmth and awe of a divine presence." [...].

RH: Historians do not agree. Even the spelling of ancient Egyptian names is confused.


Ronald Hilton 2005


last updated: June 11, 2005