China: Women engineers
Ross Rogers, Jr. sends us this article from the People's Daily (China)
More than a third Chinese engineers are female
By the end of last century China had had 9.88 million female engineers - about 36.9 percent of all engineers in China, among whom 87 are female academicians - 5.1 percent of all academicians in China. Hu Qiheng, vice-chairman of China Association of Science and Technology, made the remark when delivering a speech at the World Engineers' Convention 2004 & Female Engineers Forum held at Shanghai International Conference Center.
"Women can also hold half of the sky of science and technology in China!", said Shen Shuji, vice-chairman of the All-China Federation of Women. It is a historical progress for women to strive for equal rights in education and development. Since the founding of the New China female engineers have been very active in China's hi-tech areas.
Chen Saijuan, academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, won the nomination for World Outstanding Female Biologist with her contribution in the biomedical field. Females in the 750 Team of the Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics designed and built MVISR for China meteorological satellites, which furnishes eyes for the satellites. Hu Ankang, president of the Vessel and Marine Engineering Design and Research Institute, presided over the design of Yuanwang surveying ship, which filled a design gap for this kind of ships in China. Female engineer Sa Benmao invented the world's first GRP stern shaft. Xie Qihua, board chairwoman and general manager of Shanghai Baosteel Group, led Baosteel into the group of World 500 and so on.
As the society develops and potentials of modern females in engineering and science and technology areas are exploited female engineers are displaying increasingly important role in scientific and technological innovation and economic growth as a strong intellectual group.
According to statistics Chinese female engineers have been involved in all industries such as national construction, transportation, shipping, instrument, textile, metallurgical and chemical industries. They are frequently seen in cutting-edge technological and engineering areas such as biology, energy sources, environment, information and new material, and even in the design, manufacture and test of rockets, spacecrafts and missiles.
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Ronald Hilton 2004
December 5, 2004