Re: SPAIN: Greater Catalonia

The `politics of  Catalonia are important because they can involve France. The nationalists Pompeu Fabra and   Batista i Roca were "anti.Macianist", i-e- opponents of the left-wing Francisco Macia, who was president of the Generalitat (government) of Catalonia. Christopher Jones writes: The connection between Fabra and Batista i Roca is well documented, although Batista i Roca was a master at hiding his influence in paramilitary youth organizations like PALESTRA.  In 1935, the ultra catalanist student union BEN published in Ara!! a call for a "Catalunya totalitaria" that would encompass all Catalan speaking areas and Occitania.  In the Nosaltres Sols!  group, Cardona was seen as the ultra anti-Macianist while Manuel Blasí was the great Germanophile, running back and forth to Berlin.  The Ahnenerbe under Hermann Wirth, Karl Maria Wiligut and others promoted speleology as a dignified "national socialist" sport.  So they were very pleased to have a connection to Catalunya.  Otto Rahn, who we mentioned before was Wiligut's disciple -- Wiligut was fired as head of the Ahnenerbe when it was found out that he had broken out of an insane asylum in 1925.  He was known as Himmler's Rasputin and Lord of the Runes.

RH: The ties between Catalan nationalists and Nazi Germany are history, but what about their ties with Occitania, the nationalist movement in Southwestern France?  Years ago when I was in southern France the movement had support among youths. Was ir stimulated by atavistic memories of the crusade of Simon de Montfort, which ravaged the Toulouse area, or the brutal suppression of the Cathars?  My impression is that the Occitania movement has lost its force, but that  may because not much is published about it.  In any case, it would not want to be swallowed up in a greater Catalonia movement.

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Ronald Hilton 2004


last updated: December 30, 2004